The main technical issues in the field of web design

Before creating a website, you should consider technical issues related to web design, in particular:

  • browser compatibility
  • screen resolutions
  • web technologies
  • internet speed

Browser problems
Web pages should be able to be displayed in various browsers, including Internet Explorer, Firefox, Safari, and Chrome.
When building your site, test web pages for browser compatibility issues across as many browsers and operating systems as possible. Remember to test the latest versions of your browser as well as the oldest – not all of your visitors can use the updated software. If you are updating an existing website, use web analytics tools to see what browsers your customers are currently using to access your website.

Screen resolutions
The most common screen resolution size in recent years has been:

  • 1366×768 pixels for desktop computers
  • 360×640 pixels for mobile screens
  • 768×1024 pixels for tablets
    Popularity is gaining higher resolutions, such as 1920×1080 pixels for desktop and 375×667 for mobile phones. It is important to consider these dimensions carefully. If you are designing your website for higher resolutions, some low-resolution screens and older devices may not be able to display the entire content.

Download speeds
Not all internet users have high speed access, so your connection speed should also influence the design of your website. Research suggests that:

  • almost half of web users expect a web page to load in 2 seconds or less
  • 40% of people abandon a website that takes more than 3 seconds to load
    Too many rich images or materials – such as animations or videos – will slow down the speed at which your web page loads. This can lead to customers leaving your site. Because page speed is a ranking factor, slow speed can also affect your search ranking. Try to keep file and image size to a minimum. The total size of a web page should not exceed 40-60 kilobits.

Some web technologies may prevent users from seeing your site or affect search engine indexing of your site. These include:

  • HTML frames
  • Javascript
  • Flash
  • AJAX
    If you use any of these technologies, consider the potential risks to the usability and accessibility of your website.

Web accessibility issues
What is website accessibility?
Accessibility describes the practice of allowing access to websites even for people with disabilities. It aims to meet all the different needs of users, including those with visual, mobility, hearing and cognitive difficulties. I recommend that you have the xxnx site as a model when you check your competitors based on performance.

What are web accessibility standards?
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has developed a number of accepted accessibility guides for websites. They established three levels of compliance:

  • W3C Priority 1 – Websites must comply, otherwise some users will be unable to access the site
  • W3C priority 2 – websites should comply, otherwise some users will find it difficult to access the site
  • W3C priority – websites may comply, otherwise some users will find it difficult to access the site
    It is recommended that websites meet priority 1 and priority 2 of the guidelines.

Is your company’s website accessible?
You can use a number of free online tools and services to check if your site is accessible.

How to make a website accessible?
People with different abilities will navigate sites in different ways, depending on their needs and preferences. Some may configure standard software and hardware to suit their needs. Others may use specialized software or hardware to help them perform certain tasks.

Best Practices for Affordable Websites – Why Is Web Accessibility So Important?
Accessibility is an important part of web design. For example, people with disabilities use a wide range of tools and techniques to help them surf the web. For example, some may configure standard software, such as browsers, to suit their specific needs. Others may prefer to use specialized tools, such as screen or text readers, assistive scan keyboards, and so on. For these tools to work, they need to build sites and applications in a way that supports the use of assistive technologies.

How to implement web accessibility?
You should follow the key principles of accessible design when developing your site and content. You can easily implement most of these without any effect on the appearance of the site.
Provide alternate text – provides a textual alternative to graphic content, such as images, icons, buttons, illustrations, and charts. Alternative text helps people with visual impairments and can rely on screen readers to navigate a site.
Provide subtitles, narrations or transcripts for media – this applies to videos, audio, as well as live audio.
Don’t use color to convey meaning – color is a powerful design element, but you should avoid using it to convey information. It will be inaccessible to both the unseen.
Mark the structure of your site – use headings, lists, tables and other structural elements to give meaning to a web page or an order of information. Make sure all features are available from a keyboard.
Use data table headers – if you use tabular data, enter table headers so that screen readers can understand them.
Content of the correct form – each form element, such as the text field, checkbox or drop-down list, must be marked using the “label” element. Make sure that users can submit the form and recover from any errors, such as non-compliance with all required fields. I found the most interesting codes by accidentally browsing and I discovered special web innovations, try to research this link a little.
Make links understandable – screen readers can choose to read only links from a webpage, so links should make sense, even if they are read out of context. Avoid phrases like “click here” or “more”.
Distinguish between different types of content – include PDF files, Word documents, PowerPoint presentations. If you can’t make them accessible, consider using HTML or an alternative.
Allow users to skip the subchapters on the page – provide a “skip to main content” link. This can help a user with poor mobility or rely on a screen reader to access content more quickly.
Provide clear and easy-to-read content – the content must be accessible to people with diverse cognitive abilities, also write it in Romanian and make it as simple and easy to read as possible.